What is a sitemap

Sitemaps are an important aspect of search engine optimization that can help website owners to better understand the structure and content of their website. A sitemap is a file that lists all the pages on a website, including their URLs, last modified date, and other information that helps search engines crawl and index the pages more effectively.

1. What is a sitemap?

Sitemaps provide a clear and concise way to communicate the structure of a website to search engines. They help search engines to understand the content of a website and how it is organized. Sitemaps also provide useful information such as the last modified date of each page, the frequency of updates, and the priority of the pages.

There are two types of sitemaps: XML sitemaps and HTML sitemaps. XML sitemaps are designed for search engines and are usually hidden from website visitors. HTML sitemaps, on the other hand, are designed for website visitors and provide a clickable list of all the pages on a website.

2. How to Create an XML sitemap

To create an XML sitemap for your website, you can use a sitemap generator tool such as the ones provided by Google or XML-Sitemaps.com. These tools will scan your website and create an XML sitemap that you can download and upload to your website.

Here is the sitemap example

sitemap generator

Here are the steps to create an XML sitemap:

Step 1: Choose a sitemap generator tool. You can use a free online sitemap generator tool or install a plugin on your website.

Step 2: Enter your website URL. The sitemap generator will crawl your website to collect information about your pages.

Step 3: Configure the settings. You can choose the frequency of updates, priority levels, and the type of pages to include or exclude from the sitemap.

Step 4: Generate the sitemap. Once you have configured the settings, click on the “Generate” button to create the sitemap.

Step 5: Upload the sitemap to your website. Once you have downloaded the sitemap, you need to upload it to your website’s root directory using an FTP client or through your website’s content management system.

3. How to Submite your sitemap to Google

After creating your sitemap, it is important to submit it to Google to ensure that it is properly indexed. This will help Google discover new pages on your website more quickly and ensure that they are properly indexed.

Here are the steps to submit your sitemap to Google:

Step 1: Verify your website in Google Search Console. If you haven’t already, you need to verify ownership of your website in Google Search Console. This will give you access to various tools and reports to monitor your website’s performance on Google search.

Step 2: Submit your sitemap to Google. In the Google Search Console dashboard, go to the “Sitemaps” section and click on the “Add a new sitemap” button. Enter the URL of your sitemap and click “Submit.”

Step 3: Monitor your status. After submitting your sitemap, you can monitor its status in the “Sitemaps” section of Google Search Console. This will show you how many pages have been indexed from your sitemap and if there are any errors or issues that need to be fixed.


Sitemaps are an important aspect of search engine optimization that can help website owners to better understand the structure and content of their website. Creating an XML sitemap and submitting it to Google can help you ensure that search engines properly crawl and index your website’s pages, leading to an improvement in your website’s visibility and search engine rankings.

It is important to regularly update your sitemap to reflect changes to your website and to monitor your status in Google Search Console to ensure that it is functioning properly.

Written by

Pushpa Gupta

Pushpa Gupta is an experienced digital marketer with vast knowledge in SEO, SMM, Adwords, and a passionate blogger.